Muneer Ahmed Soomro
Deputy Commissioner Kharan
I am honored to serve this community and work towards its continued growth and prosperity. As we look ahead to the future, there are many challenges that we will face together. However, I am confident that we have the strength, resilience, and determination to overcome these challenges and emerge even stronger. I want to assure you that my team and I are fully committed to serving this district with integrity, honesty, and transparency. We will work tirelessly to ensure that your voices are heard, and that your concerns and needs are addressed. We are also dedicated to fostering a strong sense of community within this district, where all residents feel valued, included, and supported. Together, we can build a district that is safe, vibrant, and welcoming to all.
District Kharan Profile
The State of Kharan was an autonomous Prince state in a subsidiary alliance with British India, until the departure of the British from the subcontinent in August 1947.It was fully independent, until 17 March 1948, when its ruler signed an Instrument of Accession to Pakistan, retaining the state's internal self-government. In 1948, Kharan was incorporated into Pakistan. The territory once covered by Kharan is today part of the province of Balochistan, in the south west of Pakistan. The District lies between 26-50 to 29 -20 north latitudes and 62-46 to 66-04 east longitudes.
District Kharan Population
7th Population & Housing Digital Census 2023 in District Kharan Digital Census operation started in District Kharan from 1st March 2023 to 15th April 2023 during the census there were total 218 blocks. The Number of Supervisors were deployed in supervise and maintain check and balance in the process during the Census 109 enumerators performed their duty to collect data in House listing. 7th Population & Housing Digital Census 2023 in District Kharan 72435 household got listed and as per final report from the Census enumeration households declared (528335) Population.
COMPARISON OF POPULATION GROWTH 2017 AND 2023
7th digital census population 2023
Number of UCs & MC with Population
Number of UCs & MC with Population
Kharan MC 44655
Kharan MC 160994
UC Noroz Kalat 14096
UC Noroz Kalat 31506
UC Sarawan 15231
UC Sarawan 46283
UC Raskoh 13130
UC Raskoh 37961
UC Tohmulk 9758
UC Tohmulk 28219
UC Totazai 9819
UC Totazai 36760
UC Miskan Kalat 13624
UC Miskan Kalat 51867
UC Joda Kalat 15688
UC Joda Kalat 52520
UC Jamak 20168
UC Jamak 82225
|Sub Division||Tehsil||Sub Tehsil||Union Council||Municipal Committee|
1. Sub Division Kharan
2. Sub Division Sar Kharan
2. Tehsil Sar
1. Sub Tehsil Tohmulk
2. Sub Tehsil Pathkin
The population of Kharan District is 156, 152 in 2017 as compared to 96,900 in 1998 recording and increase of 62% over the last 19 years.
The common dress in Kharan district is shalwar (trouser and qameez (shirt). Shoes made of leather are used as footwear, which is called chawat. The people wear local made caps called toppi. The embroidery of female is very popular in the district and women wear balochi dresses.
Most of the workers like masons, barbers, tailors, wilders etc. are migrants from other provinces, however, now due to unemployment the local people are doing the above mentioned jobs. Important occupational groups are agriculturist, transporters, government employees, shopkeepers and labour..
History, ethnicity/tribes and culture
The prominent tribes of the District are Nousherwani, Pirakzai, Kubdani, Siapad (Rind), Rakhshani , Mengal, Badini, Jamaldini, Syed, Tagapi, Miskanzai, Hotakani, Sohr Sumalani, Mullahzai, Qambarani, Channal , Sheikh, Mohammad Hassani Bangulzai, Sasoli Domaki, Yallanzai (Rind), Hussainzai (Rind), Mazzarzai (Rind) and Saffarzai.
Cultures, Customs and Traditions
The social organization in Kharan District is mainly structured along tribal lives. The social structure is patriarchal people live in joint family system particularly in rural areas in which polygamy is a common phenomenon. In urban areas, the trend is towards the nuclear family. The society is structured on kinship basis. Sardari system if still in practice in Kharan District. The Sardari system of Brahuis is similar to that of Baloch. However, the Sardar’s role has been altered over the years. Many of the elected representatives are tribal chiefs and sardars.
Customs of cooperation are found in the area. It includes the practice of collective labour (Ashar) at harvest time and granting of financial assistance (Bijar and Langari) to fellow tribesman on reciprocal basis.
The vast majority of the district population is Muslims and belongs to Sunni Sect with a minority of Hindus. The people are generally religious mined, offer prayers five times a day regularly. The Hindu population observes “Deva and Holi”. The hindus of Kharan make an annual pilgrimage to the Jorakken hill.
Although Kharan District is very peaceful it is customary among the people to carry arms.
The marriage customs are uniform throughout the district. The majority of the marriages in the District are arranged particularly in rural areas. Usually the father decides upon the formal terms of marriage, though their wives may influence them. Marriage with, the near relations though not always the rule are preferred, because exchange can be easily arranged. The bride price that has to pay is less.
Type of Housing Stock
Mostly the housing units in the Kharan district are single room houses in the rural areas in comparison to that in urban areas. The percentage of houses with five or more rooms is also much higher in urban areas as compared to that in rural areas.
The standard of construction of roofs significantly differs in rural and urban areas. Housing units in district Kharan consists of one to two rooms of mud, However people are also constructing RCC/ RBC and Pukka house baked bricks used supported by girder or wooden log/ bamboo in the construction.
The nomads live in the local made tent called Giddan. In summer, the nomads live huts made of from sticks and bushes.
Infrastructure and communication play a vital role in accelerating the pace of development; their advancement is essential for expanding the size of the markets. The construction of roads promotes the development of towns. District Kharan is linked to other parts of the province by RCD National Highway roads. The total length of roads in the District is 1200 km out of which 500 is metal led, whereas 700 km is shingle. The buses are plying between Kharan- Karachi via Khuzdar, Kharan to Larkana via Khuzdar, Kharan-Quetta-via Nushki, and Kharan- Panjgure via Basima and Kharan- Dalbandin Kharan- Washuk on daily basis.
Rail and Airways
Kharan District is not connected with Rail and Air ways.
Mobile Companies & Their Coverage
The Cellular companies are also operating in the district; these companies are Zong, Ufone, Warid, Mobilink and Telenor
Pakistan Telecommunication Corporation (PTCL) has established a network of telephone connections in the district. There are one exchanges functioning in Kharan district. Furthermore, there is 35% of Kharan District enjoys PTCL facilities.
The Courts of Session Judge has been established in the year 1995, and now District & Session Judge, Additional District & Session Judge , Majlis-e-Shoora ,Judicial Magistrates and Civil Judge are in the District Kharan. A Qazi Court who deals with civil matters only, has been working at Kharan.
Post Offices/ Courier Services
Pakistan Post office has established their networks in the district. Beside Pakistan Post office numbers of Private courier services are also operating in the district which includes TCS, & LCS. Pakistan Postal Services Corporation has established one post office at Kharan town.
Banking and Financial Institution
Four Banks like wise NBP, Habib, MCB, and Al Habib are functioning in Kharan District.
State of education in District Kharan is not very different from education situation in other districts in Balochistan. Access and quality of the district are weak. The district suffers from multiple issues in the backdrop of poverty, cultural constraints and extremely low population density.The education sector in the district comprises of public and private schools with varying quality.
|Higher Secondary School||1||0||01|
UNIVERSITY & COLLEGES
|Degree Collage Kharan||01||01||02|
|Cadet Collage||Under Construction||01|
|Boys/Girls University s-campus||Government : building allotted temporarily for commencement of classes||01|
University of Balochistan Kharan Campus is also functional and currently in five disciplines, students are enrolled.
The people wear local made caps called Toppi. The embroidery of female is very popular in the district and women wear Balochi dresses. The women are skilled at embroidery and decorate their clothes with elaborate geometric and abstract designs. They make felt from sheep’s wool, and also weave rugs from their own use and for sale.
Natural Resources /Minerals
Major Mineral Deposits, Chromites
Major Mineral Production: Data is not available
In terms of labour involvement, agriculture is the main activity in the economy of the district. Major crops grown in the Rabi season are wheat, vegetables and fodder. In Kharif season, the major crops are onion, potato, some fruits vegetable and fodder. In the agriculture sector, the labour force consists of both men and women. Melon, watermelon, pulses. Tomato, vegetable, fruits etc. are considered as cash crops while wheat and Jowar are considered as food crops. However for some crops it is difficult to draw a line between food and cash crops.
The reasons for low per hectare yield are non-availability of better quality seeds and the lack of irrigation facilities, fertilizer and pesticides.
The best soil in Kharan district is a light loam called “Matt”, which is found in the greater part of the rural plain and in the other areas. It requires less water, retains moisture longer and is suited for all crops. Another soil is “Reki” or “Ragi”, as the name implies, sand constitutes the predominant element; this type of soil is considered suitable for the production of Jowar and melons. Other types of soils are the “Daddo” a hard stony soil and the “Sor”, which is impregnated with salt. Both soils are inferior. The soils are moderately deep, strongly calcareous, gravely clay loam. There is no evidence of salinity problems and the soil is considered very suitable for irrigated agriculture. Most of the forming is per formal with traditional methods of cultivation, however the People also using tractors, threshers and mechanic ploughs.
Wheat, Barley, Fodder, Rape Seed/Mustard, Cumin Vegetables, Onion, Sunflower, turnip, Millet Mash Cotton Moong Watermelon Chilies, Garlic, Melon, lentil.+
Dates, Grapes, Pomegranate
Livestock and camel breeding is the second most important source of livelihood for a majority of the rural population in the district. Rug making is also popular in the district. It not only generates income for flock owners, but is also a major source of nutrition for the population. Animals are exported from other provinces to meet food requirements. Livestock is an important source for milk, wool and hides. Most people have sheep and goats. Some rear them for domestic use, others for commercial purposes. The main animals on which the people depend are sheep and goats. Moreover, the dairy and poultry business is also growing. These animals play a vital role in the economy of the district, provide food with rich nutrition such as milk, meat and their by-products like wool, hair, butter, oil, cheese, curd, and hide (skin).
The people also keep other animals like camels, horses, and donkeys. Beside men, women and children are also involved in the grazing of their animals. The women also look after the animals within the house. They also collect fodder for the animals and do other work such as milking etc. The livestock population in Kharan District is as under:-
|Horses||Data not available|
|Buffaloes||Data not available|
The break-up of the Health Services in Kharan District by the government is as under:-
|6||Health Auxiliary Units||02|